ЩОБ КИНУТИ КУРИТИ, РОЗВИВАЙТЕ ЧАСОВУ ОРІЄНТАЦІЮ НА МАЙБУТНЄ

Оксана Сеник, Роман Різник, Ірина Горбаль

Анотація


У статті подано результати адаптації “Шкали врахування майбутніх наслідків” (CFC-14) на українській вибірці з її ментальними та етнокультурними особливостями. У дослідженні взяли участь 514 осіб віком від 16 до 57 років (M = 22,62, SD = 6,02). За допомогою конфірматорного факторного аналізу та незалежного зовнішнього критерію підтверджено двофакторну структуру Шкали, яка повністю співпадає із факторною структурою оригіналу. Перевірка надійності за допомогою методу тест-ретест показала, що обидві субшкали мають високий рівень відтворюваності. Так, коефіцієнт а-Кронбаха становить 0,68 та 0,73 для шкал “віддалене майбутнє” та “близьке майбутнє” відповідно. За допомогою зовнішнього незалежного критерію підтверджено критеріальну валідність Шкали: виявлено, що особи, які не курять, мають вищий показник за шкалою “віддалене майбутнє” порівняно з особами, які курять. Отримані результати дають змогу рекомендувати українську версію названої Шкали як надійний і валідний психологічний інструмент для дослідження часових орієнтацій особистості.

 

The article focuses on the results of adaptation of the Consideration of Future Consequences Scale (CFC-14) into Ukrainian. The study was held in the sample of 514 respondents aged from 16 to 57 (M = 22,62, SD = 6,02), 202 men and 230 women among them (82 people didn’t mention their sex).With the help of confirmatory factor analysis and independent external criteria the two-factor solution of the scale was confirmed, which has fully reflected the factor structure of the original. The received statistical figures for the two-factor model were the following: x2 = 119,637; df = 50; x2 / (df) = 2,39; p = 0, 000, GFI = 0,932; CFI = 0,944; NFI = 0,910; SRMR = 0,043; RMSEA = 0,052 (LL = 0,041, UL = 0,064), this testifying to sufficient correspondence of the theoretical model to the empirical data. The statistical figures for the one-factor model didn’t meet the correspondence criteria.In order to check reliability of the tool the internal consistence of each scale and their reproducibility were assessed. Internal consistence was determined by the calculation of Cronbach’s alpha coefficient, while reproducibility- by using the test-retest method. The Cronbach’s alpha coefficient was 0,68 and 0,73 for CFC-Future and CFC-Immediate respectively, which allows to draw a conclusion about the homogenic structure of the Ukrainian version of CFC-14. The group of interviewees for checking reproducibility included 80 people for the 2-weeks interval and 107 people for the 4-weeks interval. The coefficient of correlation between the initial point and the point obtained in retest varied from 0.70 to 0.86 (р<0.001), this testifying to high degree of the tool’s reproducibility.With the help of the external independent criteria - the answer to the question “Do you smoke? Yes / No (underline)” - the criterion validity of the scale was confirmed: it was found that those who don’t smoke have a higher level of CFC-Future as compared to those who smoke (M(smokers) = 30,61, M(non-smokers) = 33,12, t = -2,73, р = 0,007, N(smokers) = 57, N(non-smokers) = 285).Thus the results show that the Ukrainian version of CFC-14 is a reliable and valid psychological evaluation instrument for measuring time orientations of personality.

 

 


Ключові слова


особистість, психодіагностичний інструмент, врахування майбутніх наслідків, часова орієнтація, куріння, конфірматорний факторний аналіз, адаптація шкали.

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DOI: https://doi.org/10.35774/pis2017.04.134

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