Tolerance as a general human value and a psychosocial phenomenon

Mariya Piren, Olena Vasylkiv

Анотація


The article analyzes toleration as a significant human and social phenomenon. Is highlighted the complexity of the essential psychosocial specification of this integral trait-quality – human interaction. The importance of considering this universal value in the process of resolving problematic situations, especially in overcoming interethnic conflicts, is emphasized. It is argued that toleration was initially understood as referring to another predominantly in a religious context, and later, due to the growth of secularization processes, it was regarded as a regulative mechanism of human relations, as a norm of civilized relations, as a factor of interpersonal understanding, as social cost. At the same time, this scientific research concludes that toleration is a kind of tolerance. These two concepts are known to be important concepts of modern researches, where they emerge as peculiar categories of culture or world-view universals, on the one hand, are singled out as integral personal traits of human – on the other. The formula (proposed by A. V. Furman in 2013) that tolerance is directly proportional to understanding multiplied by toleration (numerator) and inversely proportional to disrespect multiplied by aggression (numerator) has been supported. In addition, the idea that toleration that promotes harmony and progress is not just permissiveness, not tolerate attitude towards injustice, not abandonment of one’s preferences, but a way to pondering of one’s own actions and make constructive decisions. The differences in the development of tolerant consciousness of modern Russians and Ukrainians are highlighted separately: the world of first ones is filled with a climate of aggression and greed, and the second ones – is mainly filled with toleration and tolerance.


Ключові слова


a human; society; toleration; the essence of toleration; tolerance; interaction

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Посилання


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DOI: https://doi.org/10.35774/pis2019.02.108

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ISSN 2523-4099 (online), ISSN 1810-2131 (print)